Austria: Facts & Figures

Are you interested in studying in Austria?

Due to its rich cultural past and present, Austria is cherished by people worldwide. The varied landscape is of great importance to tourism. There are many ski resorts and in the summer there are a multitude of opportunities for hiking and climbing or for water sports on the numerous lakes.

Other factors for deciding on a stay in Austria include the great social security, the economic stability and the great hospitality of the Austrians. The Austrian educational system offers a broad spectrum of educational opportunities.
This is why Austria is an ideal place for studying and living.

> Basic Facts (please click)

Area: 83 845 km2
Inhabitants: appr. 8 million
Capital:  Vienna (1.8 million inhabitants)
Official language: German; 6 minority languages
Religion: 78 % Roman Catholics
Republic: elections every 5 years
                 9 provinces

Austria is bordered by Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

Austria is a federal state comprised of nine provinces (Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, Vienna); each province has its own capital. Vienna is the most densely populated province of Austria; Tyrol is the least densely populated province.
Austria is a member of the European Union and Austria’s currency is the Euro.

> Climate (please click)

Austria is located in a temperate climatic zone with a Central European climate influenced by the Atlantic climate. The four seasons (Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter) each have typical temperature and climatic characters.

Austria has a typical central European transitional climate (warm summers, cold winters and adequate precipitation). Additionally, there are two distinct climatic zones in the interior regions of Austria: the east has a Pannonian climate (warm-to-hot summers, relatively low precipitation and cold winters), while the central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine climate (as compared to the east, there is more precipitation in summer and long winters with heavy snowfall).

> Language (please click)

The official language is German, though English is widely spoken, especially among younger people. Croatian, Slovenian and Hungarian are recognised as official languages in various individual regions of autonomous population groups.

> Culture & Religion (please click)

Throughout the world, Austria is recognized for its rich cultural past and present. This wealth of artistic achievements is represented in architectural monuments, like the Stephansdom (Saint Stephen`s Cathedral), Schönbrunn Palace, Hofburg Palace, the "Goldenes Dachl" in Innsbruck, Melk Abbey, the "Loos-Haus" or the "Hundertwasser-Haus" in Vienna. An extensive programme of art exhibitions, theatre, concerts, festivals and folklore events complete the cultural offering. World renowned choirs (Vienna Boys` Choir, Arnold-Schoenberg-Choir) and orchestras, such as the Vienna Philharmonic, the Wiener Symphoniker, the Camerata Academica Salzburg, the Concentus Musicus and the Vienna Art Orchestra, act as ambassadors for Austria.

The East of Austria (Vienna, Lower Austria, Burgenland) has traditionally strong links to the neighbouring countries (the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia). Today, this proximity is expressed, amongst others, through the economic activity of Austria in these countries. The influences of former monarchical provinces can also be found in Austrian cuisine.

According to the census of 2001, Roman Catholics make up 73.6% of the population while 4.7% are Protestant (mainly Augsburg Confession). The number of Muslims has risen to 4.2%, mainly because of immigration over the past decade. Some 3.5% of the Austrian population belongs to another faith, 12% do not belong to any denomination or religion, and 2% have not provided information.
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